Despite being the most critical step in the surgery, renal access for percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is only performed by approximately 11% of U.S. urologists. Absence of adequate training during residency, steep learning curve, and concerns of needing to abort PCNL should access fail likely contribute to the low diffusion of this procedure among U.S. urologists, despite it being the recommended standard of care for stones larger than 2 cm in size. As a result, many stones best treated with PCNL are inadequately treated with alternative procedures.
A particular technical challenge of access is understanding the 3-dimensional spatial orientation required during fluoroscopic access. In contradistinction, ultrasound-guided renal access does not rely on this 3-dimensional spatial orientation. This access requires only 2-dimensional spacial resolution and has been demonstrated to be easier to learn than fluoroscopy. Additionally, ultrasound access is devoid of radiation exposure, a feature that is attractive to both patients and surgeons.
While internationally, many urologists have adopted ultrasound-guidance for renal access, in the United States, healthcare has lagged behind. Urologists have traditionally relied on pure fluoroscopic technique to enter the collecting system percutaneously. Barriers to ultrasound adoption include lack of training opportunities. To this end, we propose a (CME) WSAUA course to introduce ultrasound access with the purpose of assisting the diffusion of what we believe to be an easier and more effective access technique. The course will provide step-by-step instruction for gaining renal ultrasonography skills for the urologist with the goal of supporting adoption of ultrasound-guided renal access for all attendees.
- Thomas Chi, M.D. (Associate Professor of Urology UCSF)
- Tara Morgan, M.D. (Professor of Radiology, UCSF)
- Joel E. Abbott, D.O. (Assistant Professor of Urology U of Maryland School of Medicine)
- Roger L. Sur, M.D. (Professor of Urology UC San Diego)
- Understand the basics of renal ultrasonography, supine and prone
- Learn to optimize imaging for renal ultrasound
- Gain fundamental skills in ultrasound guided renal access
Course Agenda: (3 hours)
2:00p-2:05p Welcome and introduction
2:05p-2:20p Physics and Basics of ultrasonography (Dr. Morgan)
2:20p-2:40p “Knobology”: How to use ultrasound machine (Dr. Sur)
2:40p-3:00p Visualizing organs with ultrasonography (Dr. Abbott)
3:00p-3:30p Gaining access with ultrasonography (Dr. Chi)
3:30p-3:45p Break & Refreshments
3:45p-4:45p Hands on Stations (5 attendees/station and rotate every 15 min)
- Station #1 Knobology (BK ***) Dr. Sur
- Station #2 Visualizing Organs (Hitachi Aloka***) Dr. Morgan
- Station #3 Inanimate model access (BK) Dr. Abbott
- Station #4 Porcine kidney access (Hitachi Aloka) Drs Chi
4:45p-5:00p Take Home points/Q&A